Pier Installation – How Piers Are Used to Reinforce Foundations

aquaculture installations with fish cages on a fish farmPier Installation Near Me can be a lengthy project. It requires professional work and expensive materials.

These piers are designed to stabilize and, in some cases, raise slab foundations that have settled. They are driven into the settlement area, deep enough to connect with strong supporting soils or bedrock.

Concrete piers are one of the most popular methods for supporting and stabilizing homes that have been damaged by shifting or sinking soil. The process involves drilling a hole a foot in diameter down to the bedrock or solid geological layer beneath your home, and then pouring concrete into the holes. Steel bars may also be added to the concrete for extra strength and support. Once the concrete is cured, hydraulic jacks are used to lift the foundation back into place. Once the foundation is stable, the soil that was dug out of the pier holes can be replaced, and the landscaping that was disturbed can be restored.

If you’re considering a concrete pier for your foundation repair, it’s important to choose a reputable contractor with experience in both residential and commercial construction. Check the professional’s reputation by reading reviews and testimonials from past clients, and make sure they have insurance coverage for liability and worker’s compensation. A reputable company will also be certified or a member of industry associations that show their commitment to quality work.

When choosing a contractor to perform your concrete pier installation, it’s also a good idea to ask for references from previous clients. This will give you a better idea of what to expect during the project. You can also visit a company’s website to see photos of previous projects.

Before the concrete piers are poured, they’re drilled to a depth that is typically twice as deep as the height of the foundation. The drilled caisson or pier is then filled with concrete and allowed to cure for up to seven days.

The bottom of the concrete pier is often made wider than the top, which helps to distribute the weight of the house or structure evenly across the soil. In addition, the wide base can help prevent the piers from shifting due to changes in soil moisture.

Poured concrete piers can be used for new construction and as part of a basement or slab foundation. They can also be paired with a foundation bell, which adds additional load-bearing surface area.


Piers are often used in place of foundations for houses on unstable soil, especially where the soil is too soft for a slab, crawl space or basement. Wooden piers are driven, drilled or buried into the ground leaving anywhere from a few inches to several feet of wood above ground. The rest of the home’s structure is then built on top of the piers. These piers are a common choice for beach homes because they offer a solid base for structures that are prone to erosion.

They can be constructed from a variety of materials including timber, concrete and steel. However, concrete is usually preferred as it provides the most strength and can withstand the largest amount of compression and tensile strain. It also has high resistance to fire and is durable against corrosion.

Wood piers can be constructed in open or closed construction. Open piers allow water to flow freely beneath them while closed piers are compact and restrict the movement of water. Open piers may develop wood rot or be affected by pests that are attracted to cool, dark areas such as those found in crawl spaces. These problems can be very expensive to repair and should be avoided at all costs.

Another popular type of pier is the tube footing which is a long, solid cylinder of poured concrete that has the same diameter from top to bottom. This kind of pier is easy to install and works well in soils with high clay content. However, if the tube footing is not excavated to at least four inches below the local frost line, it will be subject to damage from frost heaving.

Another type of pier is the monolithic concrete pyramid which is made of reinforced poured concrete. These piers are very durable and have a high capacity for lateral load but they can be extremely expensive to construct. They are also very difficult to replace if they become tilted or out of plumb. They were once popular for pier and beam homes because of their durability and low cost but they have since been superseded by more modern methods.


If you’re dealing with a sinking foundation, helical or composite piers can provide a solution. These piers transfer the weight of your structure to the more solid strata beneath, offering stability in areas with difficult soil conditions. They’re often used for commercial structures, homes, bridges and more. Compared to spread footings, they’re more expensive. However, the upfront costs are more than offset by reduced maintenance and repair expenses.

The type of pier you need depends on several factors, including the size and depth of your structure, soil condition and geographical location. It’s best to consult with a professional to determine the most effective solution. Depending on your situation, you may also need to consider the long-term stability of the structure. If your home has been in decline for a while, excess moisture can gradually compromise the integrity of the concrete. This can lead to cracks and even pier failure.

To address this issue, you can opt for a composite pier system that’s made from a combination of steel and concrete. This system allows for greater depth than a pure steel pier. It also resists flexure under load. Additionally, it can be driven with minimal site disruption, making it ideal for urban and environmentally sensitive sites.

Another benefit of composite piers is that they can be installed in wet conditions. This makes them an excellent choice for large buildings constructed on frequently wet soil. Additionally, their load-bearing capacity can be accurately determined during installation, ensuring that the piers will support your building’s weight.

In addition to their versatility, composite piers are also more cost-effective than other foundation methods. This is because they require less labor and equipment. Additionally, they can be installed in almost any weather conditions. This can help reduce construction costs and save you money in the long run.

In order to install a composite pier, contractors dig holes that are 2 by 2-feet. These holes are then capped with a steel sleeve and concrete. They can also be driven into the ground using a hydraulic power unit. To minimize the impact on existing structures, contractors can place temporary steel plates underneath them to protect them from damage. The steel sleeve and concrete can also be used to cover existing plumbing drain lines, decks, chimneys and more.


Steel is a sturdy material that can be used to reinforce foundations in many situations. It is highly durable and is also resistant to corrosion, making it a great choice for applications where rust or other degradation may be an issue. Additionally, the material is more environmentally friendly than concrete, which makes it a great choice for eco-conscious home and business owners.

The steel pier method of foundation repair can be an excellent solution for homeowners and businesses experiencing foundation problems due to sinking or settling. The steel piers can be driven deep into the soil, providing unyielding stability and strength.

During the steel pier installation process, a foundation professional will inspect the structure and the surrounding soil to determine the cause of the shifting and settlement. This will help the professional to identify the best location and number of steel piers needed to stabilize the foundation. The piers can then be installed by using handheld tools that do not require the use of heavy equipment. This means that the repair can be completed in a shorter time frame than other methods and without requiring the need for large-scale excavations on your property.

Once the piers have been installed, they will be load tested by increasing the pressure on each one until a rock or a bearing stratum is encountered. Once the piers have been properly load-tested, they can be capped with nuts and the restoration process can begin. The load-testing process is a vital part of the repair because it ensures that each pier can withstand the required design load.

While steel piers have several benefits, they can be more expensive than other support options. However, the extra cost is well worth it because of their unyielding stability and longevity. Steel piers can also be installed deeper than other types of piers, making them ideal for difficult soil conditions.

Another drawback of steel piers is that they can be susceptible to corrosion, especially in areas with high moisture content. Proper maintenance and coating are important to prolong their lifespan and prevent rusting or corroding. This is an especially important consideration for homeowners who live in coastal areas or in other areas with salt content in the air and soil.